We cannot live without fear. Seriously. We wouldn’t last long without our bodies having a major physiological reaction to Michael Myers, Freddie Kruger, and of course Pennywise. The fight or flight reaction pathway that begins in the brain and quickly moves to the body when we experience fear supplies us with the energy and skills to fight for our lives or get the hell out of dodge. The amygdala, the temporal lobe region of the brain most connected to fear, sets forth a set of reactions in response to the emotional salience of our surrounding stimuli, or what stands out to us about our immediate surroundings. The hippocampus and prefrontal cortex interpret the perceived threat as real or not. If...

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Imposter syndrome or what psychologists refer to as imposter phenomenon is a psychological term referring to a pattern of behavior where people doubt their accomplishments and have a persistent, internalized fear of being exposed as a fraud. These feelings of inadequacy and self doubt, are generally accompanied by anxiety and, often, depression. It is important to note that Imposter Syndrome is not an actual syndrome or disorder but a term coined by clinical psychologists Pauline Clance and Suzanne Imes in 1978, when they found that despite having adequate external evidence of accomplishments, people with imposter syndrome remained convinced that they don’t deserve the success they have.  We know from the research that imposter syndrome is in large part a reaction...

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"Anger doesn't happen in a vacuum," says Dr. Ryan Martin, anger researcher at University of Wisconsin at Green Bay.   Anger arrives with other emotions. Anger is how we are feeling in that moment plus whatever is provoking our anger. This equation has everything to do with the level of anger we express.  The results from a provocation like being stuck in traffic, combined with a pre-anger state like anxiety are dependent upon our appraisal of the situation. Is this good or bad? Is this fair or unfair? How unfair is this?  Our ability to cope or emotionally regulate what is provoking our pre-anger state is what determines the intensity of our anger. And it looks like this: Can we cope?...

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