Guilt. It’s big. As one of the building blocks of classic psychoanalytic theory, it is kind of everything. Freud is somewhere offering an energetic high five to Giselle right now. Finally, let’s talk about guilt, he says! A little bit about Freud, as it will be important to get our feet wet on the basics of his theory before we dive into the deep end of the guilt pool. So let’s break it down. Freud had many theories regarding human behavior. The two most well known models are his first regarding consciousness - distinguishing between the unconscious, conscious, and preconscious, and his second - distinguishing between the id, ego, and superego. Freud believed that humans are fundamentally in conflict with...

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